Hanoi is located in the Red River Delta, in the center of North
Vietnam . It is encompassed by Thai Nguyen Province to the north,
Vinh Phuc and Ha Tay to the west and south, Bac Giang, Bac Ninh
and Hung Yen provinces to the east and south-east.
Hanoi means “the hinterland between the rivers”
(Ha: river, Noi: interior). Hanoi 's territory is washed by the
Red River (the portion of the Red River embracing Hanoi is approximately
40km long) and its tributaries, but there are some other rivers
flowing through the capital, including Duong, Cau, Ca Lo, Day, Nhue,
Tich, To Lich and Kim Nguu.
Hanoi is a sacred land of Vietnam . In the 3rd century BC, Co Loa
(actually belonging to Dong Anh District) was chosen as the capital
of the Au Lac Nation of Thuc An Duong Vuong (the King Thuc). Hanoi
later became the core of the resistance movements against the Northern
invasions. Located in the middle of the Red River Delta, the town
has gradually expanded to become a very populations and rich residential
center. At different periods, Hanoi had been selected as the chief
city of Vietnam under the Northern domination.
In the autumn of Canh Tuat lunar years (1010),
Ly Thai To, the founder of the Ly Dynasty, decided to transfer the
capital from Hoa Lu to Dai La, and so he rebaptized it Thang Long
(Flying Dragon). The year 1010 then became an historical date for
Hanoi and for the whole country in general.
Throughout the thousand years of its eventful history, marked by
destruction, wars and natural calamities, Hanoi still preserves
many ancient architectural works including the Old Quarter and over
600 pagodas and temples. Famous sites include the One
Pillar Pagoda (built in 1042), the Temple of Literature (built in
1070), Hanoi Citadel, Hanoi Opera House, President Ho Chi Minh's
Hanoi also characteristically contains 18 beautiful
lakes such as Hoan Kiem Lake , West Lake , and Truc Bach Lake ...,
which are the lungs of the city, with their surrounding gardens
and trees providing a vital source of energy.
Many traditional handicrafts are also practiced
in Hanoi including bronze molding, silver carving, lacquer, and
embroidery. Hanoi has many famous traditional professional handicraft
villages such as Bat Trang pottery village, Ngu Xa bronze casting
village, Yen Thai glossy silk...
Source: Vietnam Tourism Official